Performance pay for teachers – My letter to The Telegraph

SIR – Unfortunately the introduction of performance pay for teachers is simply a cost cutting measure hiding behind the premise that it will raise teaching standards. Maybe in the world of business, where money is the motivator, rewarding performance with pay works (even though numerous studies show the contrary). But teachers are concerned with the education and success of their pupils, something which should be above being quantified in remunerations, and attempting to do so will lead to contempt amongst the majority and not higher performance.
In addition, I fear that the finalised appraisal criteria will be so difficult for teachers to hit that only the very best will see their pay increased, leaving others to fall behind inflation. Sure this will reward some, but will penalise most, whilst certainly cutting costs.
Nathan Kempster


NUS Demo 2012

  Demo 2012 was billed as a march that would set the political agenda regarding further and higher education before the next general election. However, a combination of a poor choice of route and the lack of a strong, unified message quickly turned the march in to a walk through some of the lesser known parts of south-central London. It got off to a promising start, with rally cries from various student groups and a noisy response from the thousands of students huddled together in Temple Place. But as the procession set off along the Embankment the mood appeared to drop, flanked by police on both sides the people around me began to question exactly what we were achieving, and I must say I agreed with them. As we approached Westminster Bridge it was clear that the ‘hard left’ factions within the NUS, accompanied by Free Gaza protesters, Anonymous supporters and a scattering of Anarchists, had decided to ‘protest Parliament’ on the corner outside Big Ben. They were more vocally airing the view that there was nothing significant south of the river and a tenser atmosphere was starting to build. We decided to follow the official route across the bridge and it quickly became apparent that they were right; chanting and waving placards along the tree-lined Kennington Road, in the rain, seemed utterly pointless and the only people that were going to be impacted by the various messages of protest were the unwitting residents in their apartments and townhouses. We reached the end of our walk, Kennington Park, deflated and drenched. There was a half-hearted attempt at a rally, but the hordes of people that were there at the start of the day had already started to dissolve into the side streets to board their coaches home. Then as quickly as the rally had begun, it was over; the fractious and rather lack-lustre nature of the day came to a head when the ‘hard left’ made another appearance during NUS President Liam Burns’ speech. The spark seemed to be his mention of the word ‘comrade’, because as soon as he had said it boos began to ring out and moments later the stage was stormed and the video feed to the big screens was cut. This unfortunate airing of NUS’s dirty laundry, more specifically the political infighting and ideological debates on how hard a line the union should take, gave the media and most probably the Government, the comedy element that they needed to undermine the purpose of the whole day.


The opposing extremes of the ‘Skinhead’ subculture, as portrayed in ‘This is England’ (Meadows, 2006).

In the film ‘This is England’ (Meadows, 2006) the opposing extremes of the ‘Skinhead’ subculture are personified in the characters of Woody and Combo. The two previous friends are pitted against each other in a good versus evil style narrative, with Woody playing the moderate, style conscious, thrill seeking ‘good’ role and Combo the racist, nationalist and, some would argue, ‘bad’ Skinhead of the late 1970s (Mercer, 1987, cited in Back, 2004, p. 30).

Woody and his group were a different generation of Skinheads to Combo. It could be suggested that their manifestation of the subculture had been influenced by changes in wider society. A rise of profiteering and consumerism at the time meant the styles that had been appropriated by sections of society, such as Skinheads, were seized upon by businesses, the media and the music industry because of their commercial value. ‘Ben Sherman’ and ‘Dr.Martin’ had started to become household fashion brands and their shirts and boots were no longer mainly worn by Skinheads. Garrett (2004, p. 150) writes that the ‘mainstreaming’ of a subculture’s ‘secret’ identity was not just a way for big business to make money but it was also an attempt by the adult population to stem the growth of a subculture. In both instances, the young people involved are denied the opportunity to express their creativity and claim an identity for themselves. According to Garrett (ibid.), this inevitably leads to a major transformation in the subculture or the disappearance of it altogether. Applied to the characters in Woody’s group, it could be suggested that this ‘mainstreaming’ has had an influence on the way they behave as part of the Skinhead subculture. When confronted by the mother of Shaun, a 12 year old boy who is one of the lead characters in the film, for shaving his head as part of an initiation into their group, Woody’s response is unexpected. Instead of dismissing her protests in an aggressive manner, as may have been expected of a Skinhead, Woody is polite and apologetic. This moderate behaviour could be seen as an attempt by woody to be accepted, in the same way that the fashion of the Skinhead was being largely accepted by society.

It is also worth noting that the film was set in 1983, a time when Margaret Thatcher was in power and her party’s laissez-faire, free-market based approach had led to the rise of individualism and the stigmatisation of young people as problematic (Ridge and Wright, 2008). This promoted a type of solidarity amongst individuals and a feeling among young people, particularly from working class backgrounds, that they were ‘all in it together’. There is evidence of this in the dynamic of Woody’s group. It is made up of young people who dress the same, listen to the same music and enjoy each other’s company. To an extent, there is also a commonly held notion of what is right and what is wrong with their world; however it is also apparent that each of them has their own intentions and motivations. An example of this can be taken from the scene where the group enter a disused housing estate to vandalise the empty properties. Although they are all engaged in similar activities, the stimulation and enjoyment they are getting out of it is on a very personal level. The destruction they are causing is possibly a release of their inner frustrations or it could simply be a mind-less form of entertainment. What is clear is that they are all doing it for their own, individual reasons, something that Nehring (2007) referred to as ‘Collective Solitary Stimulation’ in his work on the British rave scene of the 1980s and ‘90s.

On the other hand, Combo’s sense of solidarity is from a previous era. In the period of time covered by the film, he had recently been released from prison, therefore it could be suggested that he had been removed from the factors that had influenced Woody’s generation. Combo placed his loyalties with England as a nation and it was his opinion that the best way to express this was to align himself with the right wing organisation ‘The National Front’ and subscribe to their racist views. Far from being moderate, whilst Combo shared the forms of expression used by the early Skinheads, such as the Jamaican forms of music, he also shared the ‘white power’ ideals of the Skinheads of the late 1970s (Mercer, 1987, cited in Back, 2004, p. 30). Having been removed from society whilst in prison, he was unable to assimilate the changes that were having an influence on the younger generation of Skinheads and upon his release sought the friendship of other, like-minded people. He was also able to cleverly divide Woody’s group and then exploit the vulnerability of four of its members in order to recruit them. But after a period of violence and aggression, he was unable to sustain their loyalty as they began to see through his propaganda; by the end of the film it was ultimately his inner turmoil and inability to adapt that lead to his demise.


Back, L. (2004) ‘‘Pale Shadows’: Racisms, Masculinity and Multiculture’ in Flynn, R., Roche, J., Thomson, R. and Tucker, S. (eds.) Youth in Society. 2nd edn. London: Sage, pp. 28-41.

Garratt, D. (2004) ‘Youth Cultures and Sub-Cultures’ in Flynn, R., Roche, J., Thomson, R. and Tucker, S. (eds.) Youth in Society. 2nd edn.London: Sage, pp.145-152.

Nehring, N. (2007) ‘Everyone’s Given Up and Just Wants to Go Dancing: From Punk to Rave in the Thatcher Era’ Popular Music & Society 30 (1) pp.1-18. [Online] Available at: [Accessed: 25 Jan 2012].

Ridge, T. and Wright, S. (2008) ‘State Approaches to Poverty and Social Exclusion’ in Ridge, T. and Wright, S. (eds.) Understanding Inequality, Poverty and Wealth. Bristol: Policy Press, pp.283-310.

This is England (2006) Directed by Shane Meadows [Film] London: Optimal Releasing

Bye Bye high Sky costs and fuzzy streams, hello!

As you may already be aware, I am a huge Manchester City supporter. When it comes to watching them on TV I am quite lucky because their games are regularly screened on Sky. However, to state the obvious, Sky comes at a cost and being a bit of a penny-pincher (AKA tight according to my wife) I choose not to pay for Sky Sports. Instead I opt for the free option, spending the 30 minutes leading up to kick off scouring the web for a decent quality feed of the match. I usually manage to find a site which is showing the game and sometimes I am lucky and the commentary is in English. But, the picture is grainy at best, it often freezes to buffer (usually when City are on the break) and sometimes the stream gets taken down altogether and the search begins again.

It looks as though all that is about to become a thing of the past. I have come across this site: which was set up by a fellow football fan who was experiencing similar problems to the ones I have described. The site not only provides excellent quality feeds for every Premier League match (not just the mighty MCFC), even 3pm Saturday games, they also show selected games from both European cups, English domestic cups and games from other leagues around Europe. Like Sky there is a cost involved, unlike Sky who charge approx. £25 per month, the charge is just £7.95 PER YEAR!!! Plus, because it is online you can watch from anywhere you can get an internet connection. – Find out more and sign up here 


Thanks for looking.

A brief thought on the Norway attacks

A “Let’s go get ’em” attitude lead the US and their allies to Afghanistan after 9/11. Where would they have gone if the Norway attacks were in Washington, with Christianity being the associated religion and not Islam? With no real Christian dictators in power, few oil-rich Christian nations and a lack of countries in need of ‘democratization’ (to use a Bush-ism), it would have been very difficult to avoid accusations of double standards. More importantly, the often touted policy of a ‘war on terror, not a war on Islam’, would have seemed pretty thin.

My thoughts, as I’m sure the majority of decent people’s are, are with the friends and families of those that were killed and injured in these atrocities. I can’t wait to see the animal responsible face justice.

Thanks for looking.

France: Veiled (Muslim) women – outlawed.

To those that agree or are even ‘happy’ that France has banned the Burka and the Niqab, this is my opinion.

It is very problematic to judge the beliefs and behaviour of others by your own. Not understanding something, or feeling intimidated by it because it is different, is not justification to write it off as silly or fake. Religious belief, as with a lot of opinions, is as real as the person that holds them and as much as you or I are free to express our opinions, people should be free to practice in a way they see fit, just as long as it doesn’t directly impact or impede on other people’s way of life. In reality it is only 2000 of France’s 5 million Muslims that choose to wear the full face veils. Unfortunately, as a minority they will now be further removed from the society that often criticises them for not integrating. These women may now be unable to leave their houses, because their husbands won’t allow them to, uncovered. Whether others think this is right or wrong, it will happen. This ban doesn’t serve to free these women from the oppression of their husbands and fathers, as some have suggested, it compounds it.

I think the biggest question is, is this a law against covering your face or against Muslim women covering their faces? (A. It is the latter) So if one of these ‘pesky terrorists’ (to coin a phrase my brother used in a recent conversation) doesn’t fit the physical profile of a ‘typical Muslim’, decides to cover his face with a scarf, he won’t be stopped. What does this law solve???

Thanks for looking.

Action in Libya: My view on the wider implications.

The military campaign against Col. Gaddafi’s regime is now in its fourth day. As I write, Sky News is reporting more Anti-Aircraft fire over Libya’s capital, Tripoli. How has it come to be that the majority of Libyans have decided to turn on their ruler of 42 years, or more to the point, what has given them the confidence to rise up?

Arguably, it all started in Tunisia in December 2010. Fuelled by high unemployment and rising food prices, ordinary Tunisians took to the streets in an attempt to end the 23 year reign of President Ben Ali. By the 14th January 2011 they had succeeded in their mission and Tunisia was on the brink of democratic reform. The same fate was awaiting the President of Egypt, Hosni Mubarak, and for similar reasons. Millions of Egyptians, heartened by the success of the revolution in Tunisia,  turned out across the country and, with the support of the Egyptian military, forced the resignation of President Mubarak on the 11th February 2011. The revolutionaries in both nations comprised of people from across social classes and religions and they sent a clear message to the rest of the region on what could be achieved with ‘people power’.

Just a few days later, on the 15th February 2011,  pro-democracy demonstrations began to spring up across Libya’s major towns and Cities. Given the fact that Libya is geographically sandwiched between Egypt and Tunisia, some analysts had already predicted tension. The unrest escalated quickly and within a week a vast majority of Libya was under rebel (note ‘rebel’, not ‘revolutionary’ as in Tunisia and Egypt, a term that has been used by the mass media when referring to Libyan pro-democracy groups) control, leaving only Tripoli in the hands of Gaddafi and his supporters. What followed was a violent and bloody resistance from Gaddafi and his troops, some of whom were domestic military and, allegedly, some who were paid mercenaries from other African countries. Gaddafi began to make gains on the rebel held areas using a mixture of brutal ground assaults and air attacks from Libya’s air force. There were reportedly heavy casualties, both amongst the rebel fighters and civilians that were caught up in the battle or, according to some claims, targeted by Gaddafi’s troops. It wasn’t long before his heavy-handed response drew criticism from around the world, including other Arab nations. The rebels were suffering heavy loses and it looked as though the fledgling revolution had been stopped in its tracks.

Then, on the 17th March 2011, the UN Security council voted to adopt ‘Resolution 1973’, which:

“Authorizes Member States that have notified the Secretary-General, acting nationally or through regional organizations or arrangements, and acting in cooperation with the Secretary-General, to take all necessary measures…”

These necessary measures were to be taken to halt the suffering of the civilians of Libya, who had set out to emulate the success of their neighbours, in choosing their future. They included the implementation of a ‘No-fly zone’ over Libya in order to prevent Gaddafi from targeting them from the air. Authorisation was also given to target military installations on the ground, that pose a threat to the lives of civilians and those protesting for democracy.  The resolution was a result of energetic lobbying by France and the UK and had the support of the US and Canada as well as members of the Arab league.

Now, whilst I support the humanitarian aspect of the resolution and the ensuing military action against Gaddafi, I feel the need to take a look at the wider implications. This, after all, was an attempt by the people of Libya at a revolution (‘an overthrow or repudiation and the thorough replacement of an established government or political system by the people governed’ – From and a revolution usually has two outcomes:

1. The revolutionaries are successful and the government or ruler is overthrown (Iran 1979, The Velvet Revolution (Czechoslovakia) 1989, Georgia 2003,  etc.)

2. The revolution fails and the government remains in power (Brazil 1918, Moldova 2009, etc.)

These outcomes serve to make revolution a last option for desperate, oppressed populations.

However, I would argue that Resolution 1973 and the manner of the action in Libya, that is destroying the Gaddafi’s ground and air capabilities and removing the ability of resistance (not that I am suggesting that Gaddafi is merely resisting revolution), makes way for a third outcome, ‘Assisted revolution’. This would occur when a revolution attempt appears to be failing, therefore a foreign force (or coalition of forces) steps in to help. In my opinion this sets a dangerous precedent for future revolutions across the world. It does this because it gives strength and confidence to would-be revolutionaries, in nations that would have once been relatively ‘revolution-proof’. Take present day Iran or North Korea as examples of this. Such is the often aggressive and oppressive nature of the governments of both countries, their citizens, should the desire arise, would scarcely dream of revolution through fear of it being brutally crushed. Now, with this third option of ‘assisted revolution’, the citizens may encounter a false confidence on the premise that the UN will assist them if their attempts were to fail. I am not suggesting that the UN or any member nations would come to the aid of any would-be revolutionaries in states such as Iran and North Korea, but the perception of the people could be enough to lead them in to a bloody and fruitless revolution attempt.

What’s more, who decides who is ‘good and evil’ in these situations? In Libya it seems fairly clear-cut, Gaddafi’s regime is violently oppressing the ‘rebels’ that are attempting revolution. A group of people, who when viewed in the same light as recent Tunisians and Egyptians, are normal citizens who are desperate for political change. This definition is problematic. The ‘rebels’ in Libya are armed and, in some cases, trained militia, who appear prepared to resort to civil war in the quest to over throw Gaddafi. Taking strength from the recent successes in Tunisia and Egypt, they have attempted a revolution of their own, perhaps blinded by optimism, to the fact that Gaddafi does not appear to share the same morals as most decent human beings. What, I ask, would be the response of the UN if the Anti-Gaddafi camp were succeeding in their cause at the expense of the lives of Gaddafi’s troops and supporters? Which brings me back to the question, who decides who is good and evil and, in addition, what is their agenda?

Now on to, perhaps, my most exaggerated example of all, China. One of the five countries that abstained from voting on Resolution 1973.

If the people of China decided that they wanted real democracy and the power to choose their own ruler, the threat of such expression of opinion being crushed would be enough to stop it in its tracks. But, let’s just say that, encouraged by the recent events in the Middle East and the assistance afforded to the revolutionary movement in Libya, the Chinese people decided to act on the momentum. Without doubt the Chinese government would turn to violence, be it overt or covert, almost as soon as the revolution attempt began. The attempt continues and word spreads across large parts of the country, of course some will stay sided with the government, but sections of the nation begin to rise up. What then? My prediction would be that the Chinese government would not hesitate to turn their military on the people, killing hundreds and maybe thousands. How would the UN and the West respond to such a crisis? I would suggest not in the same way as they have in Libya.

Thanks for looking.

Everyone has to start somewhere

Well, my first blog post.
If you are reading this you probably already know me one way or another, so you won’t mind that it is pretty thin in places.
I really just wanted to get off the mark and give you something to read. That way, I hope, you won’t feel as though it was a waste of time visiting my site. I endeavour to keep you entertained, well most of you, and I hope my views and opinions (Rants!) don’t offend anyone. I warn you in advance that the theme of my blogs will probably develop a fairly regular pattern of, and in no particular order; Man City, Uni, Family, Current Affairs and occasionally (too occasionally for my liking) Travel.
That is pretty much me, I hope you find something you like and feel compelled to come back again.

But for now I must turn my literary skills to essay writing, I have a Youth Studies essay to start.

Thanks for looking.